Solar energy in Russia: the largest manufacturers of equipment for solar power plants

Today, solar energy is the most popular and demanded technology for obtaining energy from alternative sources. Solar panels and related equipment for solar power plants are constantly getting cheaper, and its productivity is growing. Several fairly powerful enterprises for the production of photovoltaics are also operating in Russia, despite the stable traditions of the priority use of hydrocarbon fuels. We will talk about the largest manufacturers of solar panels in Russia below.

1. NPP “Kvant” (Moscow)

At the moment, the enterprise is the largest plant in the post-Soviet space, specializing in the manufacture of solar products. It is this company that manufactures the entire range of solar panels for Roscosmos and the Russian space industry as a whole.

Kvant Moscow

The second line of activity of SPE “Kvant” is high-tech products for “ground” users. Batteries Mono-Si and Poli-Si are produced by the company in classic and double-sided versions. More expensive thin-film panels based on gallium arsenide AsGa are also popular. The efficiency of such cells reaches 30%, and the service life exceeds 40 years.

Among inexpensive household models, solar batteries of the KSM brand with the following characteristics are most in demand on the market:

  • rated power: 80, 90, 100, 180, 190 and 205W;
  • short circuit current: 5.4 – 6.1 A;
  • open circuit voltage: 21.2 – 37.8 V;
  • number of photovoltaic cells: 36 or 72;
  • dimensional parameters: from 1210×547×35 (80-100W) to 1586×806×35 (180-205W);
  • switching units, TUV: IP66
  • weight: 8.5 kg (80-100 W) – 16 kg (180-205 W);
  • Efficiency: 17.5 – 19.0%.

2. CJSC “Telecom-STV” (Zelenograd)

The plant from Zelenograd is known for the largest number of registered patents in Russia in the field of solar engineering, as well as the construction of an autonomous solar power plant. Telecom-STV’s own patented silicon Mono-Si and Poli-Si cells, on the basis of which the modules are created, cost 30% less than European counterparts. At the same time, the quality and performance are quite

comparable, and the maximum efficiency is 20-24%.

TELECOM-STV (ZELENOGRAD)

The highest demand is for the TSM solar panels range, the power range of which extends from 15 to 275 watts. Models of this series are characterized by the following parameters:

  • power: 15, 40, 50, 80, 95, 115, 125, 150, 200, 225, 250, 275 watts;
  • dimensions: from 430×232×43 to 1633×996×43 mm;
  • weight: 1.45 – 18.5 kg;
  • price: 3500 – 23370 rubles.

About 80% of the products are monocrystalline modules, the remaining 20% are polycrystalline.

In the same city, the “daughter” of the Zelenograd “Telecom”, the company “SolarInTech”, with the same high quality of high-tech products, successfully operates.

3. “Hevel” (Novocheboksarsk, Chuvashia)

The Chuvash plant “HEVEL” was created by the two most technologically advanced companies in the Russian Federation – “Renova” and “Rosnano”. Initially, the company specialized in highly purified single-crystal batteries, which already in 2015 had an efficiency of 21.4% – the third indicator in the world for mass production. The GK series modules were also among the top five world leaders in terms of power – three types of panels for 300, 310 and 315 watts, respectively.

HEVEL (NOVOCHEBOKSARSK, CHUVASHIA)

In 2016, another line was installed in Nobocheboksarsk to create thin-film solar cells. Finally, in 2017, a panel manufacturing project was implemented on the Swiss production line of Qericon Solar with the micromorf assembly technology. The new modules became heterostructural, combining crystalline silicon and thin films.

The result was the production of solar panels with outstanding characteristics even for Western technologies:

  • efficient generation of radiation and its conversion into electric current at temperatures from -50°C to +85°C;
  • high level of absorption at unfavorable angles of incidence of rays and scattered light;
  • cell service life of at least 25 years;
  • average efficiency of 20% with a block weight of 19 kg, dimensions 1671 × 1002 mm and a power of 300-320W.

4. “RZMKP” (Ryazan)

RZMKP (RYAZAN)

The abbreviation of the name stands for “Plant of ceramic-metal devices” – the company has been producing these products since 1963. In the nineties of the last century, Ryazan began to produce the first low-power batteries – from 3 to 100 watts, and also launched the production of charge controllers and inverters.

Since 2002, the management has decided to certify solar panels according to European quality standards. And today ZMKP Ryazan produces solar modules in accordance with two standards at once: the international requirements of ISO 9001 and the Russian GOST 12.2.007-75.

The most popular are panels of two lines with the following characteristics:

RZMP 130-T

  • module area: 1 sq.m.;
  • weight: 14.6 kg;
  • photovoltaic cells: polycrystal, 36 pcs.;
  • frame frame: anodized aluminium;
  • color: RAL 7035;
  • power options: 105.115, 130, 145 W;
  • protection: 4mm tempered glass with surface texture;
  • effective performance, t°C: -40°C – +85°C.

RZMP 220-T

  • module area: 1.61 sq.m.;
  • weight: 21.5 kg;
  • photovoltaic cells: polycrystal, 60 pcs.;
  • frame frame: anodized aluminium;
  • color: RAL 7035;
  • protection: 4mm tempered glass with surface texture;
  • power options: 200,220, 240 W;
  • effective performance, t°C: -40°C – +85°C.

5. “Saturn” (Krasnodar)

Gained fame with the widest range of solar panels produced in Russia, the first of which appeared in 1971! All products are created on the basis of our own technologies, including the growth of silicon crystals.

Saturn

The assortment is based on two types of panels – single-crystal “classic” and thin films of gallium arsenide AsGa with germanium sputtering on the substrate. The first go to domestic and small industrial producers. The latter are mainly in demand at facilities (including military ones), where the cost is not as important as the exceptional physical and technical characteristics.

At the request of the customer, modules are created in any configuration. So, the frame can be made:

  • rigid – made of anodized aluminum;
  • flexible – based on meshes or films.

Photovoltaic cells are supplied with:

  • polished surface;
  • metal mirrors made of aluminum foil;
  • embedded diodes.

The most powerful panels of the first group are 230 watt panels, the second – 400 watts with an efficiency of 30%. The cost is not openly published – all prices are negotiated only with sales managers.

6. “Solar Wind” (Krasnodar)

Another Krasnodar enterprise selling solar panels and auxiliary equipment for solar power plants. The assembly of modules is completely carried out on the territory of Ukraine. Krasnodar are investors, sellers of finished products and contractors, mainly engaged in the installation of stations on a turnkey basis.

The main projects of the Russian Solar Wind brand are related to small domestic installations with a capacity of 1 to 15 kilowatts. A distinctive feature of the installation is the compact modular assembly of standard kits. So, a 1 kW station includes:

  • one module of five panels for 200W,
  • 30 amp controller,
  • 1200 volt inverter,
  • two batteries for 150 ampere-hours each.

7. Vitasvet LLC (Moscow)

In addition to six large enterprises, several smaller ones operate in Russia. The most famous is the Moscow “Vitasvet”, which has developed its own photovoltaic module SSI-LS200 P3 on an aluminum frame.

The basic semiconductor of Moscow panels is polycrystalline silicon, and the line of models includes four similar varieties – 225, 230, 235 and 240 watts.

A characteristic feature of the SSI-LS200 P3 products is a low short-circuit current value – no more than 8.4 amperes and an acceptable efficiency for budget-class panels of 15.5% – 16.5%.

8. Thermotron (Bryansk)

The enterprise and the plant of the same name is known for the implementation of a number of projects of autonomous stations with a capacity of 3 to 50 kW. However, the main specialization of “Thermotron” is the “Ecoterm” outdoor lighting system based on rotary solar batteries, complete with batteries and pole-type supports.

The characteristics of this product are as follows:

  • power: 35 – 170 W;
  • support height: 6 – 11 meters;
  • service life: up to 12 years in cities and 18 beyond;
  • panel rotation angles: 90° vertically and 135° horizontally;
  • operating temperature range: -40°C – +85°C.

Brief summary of the review

The small number of large PV enterprises in Russia is due to two factors – the traditional priority of hydrocarbon fuels and the harsh climate. For this reason, the share of alternative energy in the Russian Federation to this day is no more than 1%. Paradoxically, but the maximum number of autonomous solar power plants in the Russian expanses is installed in cold Yakutia. This is explained by the high cost of fuel delivery to inaccessible regions.

As equipment prices continue to fall and more efficient technologies emerge, the popularity of photovoltaics is likely to grow in Russia as well.

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